Missions Missions fields Thailand
Thailand PDF Print Email

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

Area: total 514,000 sq km

Capital: Bangkok

Population: 65,444,371

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Religions: Buddhism 95%, Muslim 3.8%, Christianity 0.5%, Hinduism 0.1%, other 0.6% (1991)

Ethnic groups: Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%

Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects

Concise history:
1238 The first independent Thai Kingdom, Sukhothai or "Dawn of Happiness",  was established in 1238 in North Central Thailand.
From 16th century, Thai city states flourished and followed in rapid succession by the Dutch, the English, the Spanish, and the French traders.
1896 A British-French treaty guarantees independence for the new country.
1932 A bloodless revolution ends the absolute monarchy. The royal family is replaced by a representational government.
1939 Siam officially changes its name to Thailand.
1941 Japan invades Thailand in World War II, forcing Thailand to fight with Japan in the war.


Last Updated on Saturday, 25 February 2012 15:17

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